No evil lasts a hundred years.

On the current pandemic, saturation affects the general population and front-line health care providers. There is a fed-up among people about SARS-CoV-2 and its many circumstances: political, economic, media, and health. All we need is breath!

About the tragedy of the elderly besieged by the coronavirus.

The death of Don Quixote, by Gustave Doré (1832–1883). Image:

‘Señores’ ―said Don Quixote― no so fast because in the nests of yesteryear there are no birds this year.

Don Quixote (Chap. LXXIV)

I am a grandfather, an older adult, a seasoned veteran in the existence’s war. …

A man with “fake news” rushing to the printing press. Extract of “The fin de siècle newspaper proprietor”. Wikimedia Commons

In the history of medicine, some issues caused great controversy when they surged. It usually occurs in science in general. Time is a great sculptor of life’s avatars. It usually resolves the conflicts, but, occasionally, some disputes are perennial. An excellent example of a non-resolved argument is Syphilis’s geographical origin. In synthesis: there are two great groups of opinions, with a third more undefined and diverse.

We will focus our brief analysis on two antagonistic positions because of a question of limited space. …

The writing process is not always a creative art.

I want to vindicate a forgotten and excellent writer: Heinrich von Kleist.

Heinrich von Kleist, by Peter Friedel, 1801. Image: Bildindex

Literature, like life, is unjust and cruel on many occasions. When I speak of literature, I am referring to the creative art of oral or written expression. I compare literature to life because, according to John, the evangelist, the origin of everything, or the beginning of all things, was the Verb (John 1: 1–3). That is to say, the word (Of course, it is a simplification of the biblical meaning’s analysis).

Once upon a time, when human beings’ communication began, literature surged through the spoken word, not throughout…

Mutations are like identity cards of many viruses.

Viruses do not mutate because they want to do it.

It is a random phenomenon of nature.

Life’s avatars live in a combination fortuitous of four letters. They are Adenine (A), Guanine (G), Cytosine ©, Thymine (T) in the DNA, and A, G, C, and Uracil (U) in the RNA. In the DNA, there is T and U in the RNA.

A virus is, as someone said, an enigma enclosed in a layer of lipids. There are thousands of species of viruses, some formed by DNA and others by RNA. …

The coronavirus pandemic is added to the list of viruses that cause fatigue.

One of the most intriguing aspects of the current Betacoronavirus pandemic is persistence. This issue signifies a long duration of symptoms, signs, and analytical alterations. How long? During several weeks or months after acute infection. And it happens regardless of the intensity of the initial attack.

The persistence of symptoms is not a new issue in infectious medicine. Now I bring it up ─COVID-19─ because of its peculiarities. And because it seems that it will have a future prominence. Coronavirus infection is complex. It is also a new disease with a proven capacity to surprise everyone.

This circumstance does not…

Very good, Dr. Yildiz: You may be interested in this very recent article from Science (10.1126/science.abl6592).



All happy families are alike; each unhappy family is unhappy in its way.

The current pandemic is interesting in many aspects. For example, let put focus on the close relationship among different biological worlds. In concrete, on three life forms: microbes, animals, and humans.

Vivien Leigh as Anna Karenina in ‘Anna Karenina’ (1948). Credit: Wikimedia Commons.

Coronaviruses stand out as the protagonists of the first biological group. The second one is an assembly of several animals. As bats, palm civets, Arabian dromedaries, pangolins, minks, felines, dogs, and pigs. These animals have flown and grazed by social and by media networks.

And, without leaving the animal world, humans. Remember, we, the humans, are the star genus, the most evolved species of hominids. I suppose.

Here is the curious story of a humble rural surgeon and a cosmopolitan courtesan doctor.

According to Oscar Wilde, reality imitates art. But life’s drama is the greatest of fiction.

A remote intellectual thread ─a medical book─ linked his author with a certain Dr. Lopus. He was a physician, spy, and suspect of high treason against England.

Doctor Lopus inspired William Shakespeare to build one of his famous comedy characters. It happened in the XVI century. And Lopus also is the starring of a drama about treason. A play written by a medical author in the XXI century.

Medicine and literature. Past and present.


Viruses, like birds, come and go.

“Dark swallows will return
To hang their nest upon your balcony…”. (G.A. Bécquer).

The barn shallow (Hirundo rustica, 1894), by Richard B. Sharpe (1847–1909). Credit: Wikimedia Commons.

The title is the first verse of Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer’s famous poem collection, Rimas (1871). In Spanish (Rhyme nº 53), it begins: “Volverán las Oscuras Golondrinas.” My translation: “Dark Swallows Will Return.” It is a romantic poem about the transience of things and love.

G. A. Bécquer wrote it thinking of his beloved and lover Elisa Guillén. I write this article thinking of many humans unknown to me.

I use the interrogative form because I ignore the future. It is a severe personal deficiency in a time…

Agustín Muñoz-Sanz

Medical Doctor (Infectious Diseases specialist/Professor of Medicine) and writer (narrative, theater).

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store